United announced on 7-Sep-2017 plans to launch a daily service between Sydney and Houston on 18-Jan-2018 using 252-seat 787-9s. United for the first time will have four daily flights in the Australia-US market. It currently operates daily flights from Sydney to Los Angeles and San Francisco and from Melbourne to Los Angeles – all using 787-9s.
United began deploying the 787-9 in Mar-2016 on its longstanding Sydney to Los Angeles and San Francisco routes. United used the 787-9 to launch Melbourne-Los Angeles in Oct-2014. Melbourne had been via Sydney for 12 years and until 2002 was served via Auckland.
United’s capacity between Australia and the US west coast has been flat the last several years. While the launch of Melbourne-Los Angeles resulted in a 50% increase in frequencies, the number of seats did not increase as Sydney-Los Angeles and Sydney-San Francisco were down-gauged to smaller aircraft.
Sydney-Los Angeles and Sydney-San Francisco were served with 747-400s until Mar-2014, when both routes were down-gauged to 777-200s. In Mar-2016 both routes were further down-gauged to 787-9s.
United had 5,326 weekly one-way seats from Australia to the US in early 2014, when all of its flights were still served with 374-seat 747-400s. United currently has 5,292 weekly seats to and from Australia. The 2014 figure excludes Guam; United took over the Cairns-Guam route from Continental following its 2010 acquisition of Continental but dropped the route, which was served with one to two 737 weekly flights (depending on the time of year) in 2015.
However, premium capacity has increased, giving United a stronger position in Australia’s business and corporate market. United currently has 1,008 weekly one-way business class seats from Australia to the US compared to 728 business class seats in early 2014. United no longer has a first class product in the Australia market; the airline had 168 weekly one-way first class seats to the US in early 2014. However, even factoring in these seats, total premium capacity is up 13% from 896 one-way seats in early 2014 to 1,008 currently.
With the launch of Sydney-Houston, United will have 1,344 one-way weekly business class seats from Australia. Its total capacity in the Australia market will also increase to a record 7,056 weekly seats. Economy capacity (including extra legroom Economy Plus seats) will reach 5,712 weekly one-way seats, compared to 4,340 weekly seats in early 2014 (excludes Guam) and 4,284 seats currently.
United is now the seventeenth largest foreign airline in Australia based on weekly seat capacity, according to CAPA and OAG data. The upcoming expansion will enable it to move up two places to number 15.
United will be able to regain some of the market share it has lost in Australia over the last decade. United carried 454,000 passengers to and from Australia in 2016. A decade earlier, in 2006, it carried 470,000 passengers to and from Australia.
Australia’s international market expanded from 21.5 million passengers in 2006 to 37.6 million in 2016. Therefore, United’s market share dropped from 2.2% in 2006 to only 1.2% in 2016. United was the ninth largest foreign airline in Australia in 2006.
United Airlines annual passenger traffic and load factor to/from Australia: 2006 to 2016
Source: CAPA – Centre for Aviation & BITRE
United also lost market share in the previous decade. In 1998, United carried 591,000 passengers to and from Australia and captured a 4.1% share of Australia’s international market, according to BITRE data. United’s Australia traffic dropped to 562,000 in 1999, to 551,000 in 2000 and to 516,000 in 2001. It has since not exceeded 500,000 but should be able to again approach - and potentially reach – 600,000 annual passengers in 2018 due to the launch of Sydney-Houston.
The launch of Houston enables United to offer Sydney passengers a multitude of new one-stop connections in the eastern half of the US (particularly the southeast region) and Latin America. American/Qantas are now the only one-stop competitor in many of these city pairs, which they have been able to serve since Qantas launched nonstop flights from Sydney to American’s Dallas hub in 2014.
Sydney-Houston is also a relatively large local market which Air New Zealand has been able to corner after launching Auckland-Houston services in late 2015. Australians account for more than 20% of Air New Zealand’s Houston traffic.
The 787-9 has been a game changer for United in the Australia market, enabling it to expand with new routes which were not feasible or viable with 777s or 747s. The 787-9 has been a game changer for United’s Asia Pacific operation generally, opening up several ultra long-haul routes.
Sydney-Houston will become United’s second longest route after Singapore-Los Angeles, which will become the world’s longest route when United launches it with 787-9s on 27-Oct-2017. United’s current longest route is Singapore-San Francisco, which it launched with 787-9s in 2016. United initially expected payload limitations from San Francisco to Singapore during winter months but has been able to operate the flight without any limitations, giving it the confidence to pursue even longer routes with the 787-9.
San Francisco-Singapore currently has a scheduled block time of 16hr35mins from San Francisco and 15h10min on the return sector from Singapore. United has allocated Los Angeles-Singapore a scheduled block time of 17hr55min and 15hr15min for the return sector from Singapore. Houston-Sydney has been allocated a block time of 17hr30min from Houston and a block time of 15h45min for the return sector from Sydney.