LAN-TAM parent LATAM’s first combined financials offer a mixed bag behind consolidated net profit
Latin America’s powerful new force LATAM Airlines Group recorded USD50 million in net income and USD23 million in operating income for 2Q2012, the first time the combined entity of LAN and TAM has reported consolidated quarterly results since the close of their historic merger on 22-Jun-2012. While the combined result was positive, the separate performance of each carrier was less favourable with TAM recording a USD14 million operating loss for 2Q2012 and LAN only turning a small operating profit of USD37 million. The combined result posted by LATAM only includes eight days of contribution from TAM as the merger was finalised near the end of 2Q2012.
TAM posted a BRL928 million (USD458 million) net loss during 2Q2012 driven by foreign exchange currency challenges and losses from the carrier’s fuel hedging portfolio. LAN recorded a 68% slide in net profits to USD5 million, driven by weaker conditions in its cargo business and one time costs associated with union negotiations and the merger with TAM. Going forward the combined company plans to focus much of its 3%-4% capacity growth in 2012 on the strong north-south routes to North America.
SAS and Finnair celebrate restructuring progress but Norwegian intensifies competitive pressure
As in the rest of Europe, the airline industry in the continent’s Nordic region is undergoing a structural change characterised by bankruptcies and intense competition from low-cost carriers with full-service network airlines implementing cost reduction programmes aimed at securing long-term sustainability or just survival. The region saw yet another operator cease operations in 2Q2012, Air Finland, following on the bankruptcy of Cimber Sterling, Skyways and City Airline in the first three months of the year.
Finnair made outstanding progress in 2Q2012 to lower its cost base and heighten revenue although it could not attain profitability while SAS Group’s pre-tax earnings halved year-on-year to SEK371 million (EUR45.1 million ) despite a one-off SEK346 million (EUR42.1 million) capital gain attributable to property transactions. Norwegian Air Shuttle improved in all operating parameters in the three months ending 30-Jun-2012 and reported a consolidated net profit of NOK90.5 million (EUR12.4 million), up 69% over the year-ago period. The LCC’s operating profit expanded to NOK322.3 million (EUR44.3 million) from NOK72.8 million (EUR10 million) in the year-ago period, and 2Q2012 EBIT margin was a respectable 10.2%.
Air Canada touts continuing transformation as 2Q2012 losses widen
Two major elements driving Air Canada’s 2Q2012 negative financial results – labour strife and pressure created by the sudden shutdown of its major maintenance provider Aveos – are the areas where the carrier sees prime opportunities in the future as new labour agreements allow for the creation of a new low cost carrier and negotiations with new suppliers ensure a substantial improvement in the costs of airframe maintenance.
Air Canada management during the last year has often cited the transformation that needs to occur at the carrier in order for the airline to compete in the new competitive environment ushered in by LCCs and spiking fuel prices. But in the short term the company still must deal with disgruntled employees and increasing competitive pressure that will not pause as Air Canada works to complete its transformation.
During 2Q2012 Air Canada widened its losses year-over-year by CAD50 million (USD50.2 million) to CAD96 million (USD96.4 million), while net losses for 1H2012 expanded by CAD241 million (USD242 million) to CAD306 million (USD307 million).
Cathay Pacific may rebound from rare half-annual loss but its glory days are fading
Cathay Pacific is seeing faint signs of what CEO John Slosar says will be a "slow climb out of the doldrums" created by a double dip recession which saw the carrier post its worst half annual loss since the SARS outbreak in 2003. Yet once the market rebounds, Cathay will find itself in a very different environment. On the passenger side of its business, competition is increasing in nearly every market and low-cost carriers are chipping away at regional routes. On the freight side, Cathay has depended on manufacturing in coastal China and specifically Guangdong Province, but manufacturing is shifting to central and western China, where Cathay's Hong Kong hub is less geographically convenient.
Cathay of course will rise to these challenges. Network planning, fleet planning and product innovation is prudent. A new cargo terminal at Chek Lap Kok will halve cargo transit times, giving an efficiency in time in exchange for geography. These measures will defend Cathay and ensure a gap with competitors, but this gap is narrowing and Cathay must work harder than ever before. The comparatively easy days of last decade's fastidious growth and limited competition are fading.
IAG vows it will take legacy out of Iberia as losses deepen
International Airlines Group (IAG) is drafting a comprehensive restructuring plan for Iberia that will include short-term downsizing, network reshaping to deliver higher unit revenues and a re-evaluation of all aspects of the business. Job cuts will be an inevitable consequence of the overhaul. Efforts to address the Spanish carrier’s uncompetitive cost structure are not new and date from before the merger with British Airways (BA) in Jan-2011, but results have been insufficient and losses are spiraling out of control as the economic crisis in Spain worsens and the onslaught of LCCs persists.
While Iberia’s pilots continue to fight change other legacy carriers are restructuring and this is threatening Iberia’s leadership position in the Europe-Latin American market. The doubling of the departure taxes at Iberia’s main Madrid and Barcelona bases since 01-Jul-2012 is putting salt on the wound and diminishing the airline’s appeal.
Lufthansa Group presses forward with cost cuts as 2Q profits fall 24%
Europe’s largest airline group has decided to further revise full-year capacity growth downwards to 0.5% and rigorously pursue its SCORE restructuring programme to protect yield and combat the dire operating environment marked by economic uncertainties in Europe, a night-flight ban at its main hub in Frankfurt, increased air traffic taxes and above all high fuel prices. Lufthansa Group’s decision follows an unsatisfactory performance in 1H2012 in its passenger airline business segment, which recorded an operating loss of EUR179 million, widening the EUR100 million operating loss recorded in the year-ago period despite a 7.2% increase in revenue to EUR11.2 billion.
The Group’s airlines recorded diverging results and highlights the need to cut costs at its largest unit Lufthansa while simultaneously increasing synergies between the different airlines. Lufthansa German Airlines amassed a 1H2012 operating loss of EUR300 million (nearly double the EUR146 million operating deficit reported 1H2011) while SWISS and Austrian Airlines earned EUR48 million and EUR26 million, respectively. Austrian’s operating performance reflects the ruthless restructuring implemented by CEO Jaan Albrecht and the noteworthy turnaround is in contrast to the declining performance of Lufthansa Group’s long-standing star SWISS.
WestJet’s cost pressures mount as 2Q profits surge
Canadian low-cost star WestJet delivered a 66% rise year-on-year in 2Q2012 profits to CAD42.5 million (USD42.2 million) as strong demand helped lift the carrier’s revenues by 9% to CAD809 million (USD804 million). But despite showing confidence that positive revenue trends will continue, WestJet has further revised its full-year 2012 unit cost guidance upwards driven by hiring staff to accommodate its winter schedule, shorter stage-lengths and a slight capacity reduction stemming from an aircraft reconfiguration project to install a premium economy section on its fleet of 100 Boeing 737s.
Similar to its US codeshare partner Delta, WestJet believes the costs it is incurring from certain investments in the short term will produce favourable margin expansion over the long term, particularly the addition of eights seats on its 17 737-800s as part of the reconfiguration project scheduled to begin in Aug-2012. The carrier is also increasing its technology spend to improve its product merchandising. But those investments along with other cost pressures has resulted in WestJet issuing its second revision to unit costs guidance excluding fuel for the full year to 3%-3.5% from 1.5% to 2.5%.
Ryanair's profits fall as it ponders stakes in Aer Lingus and London Stansted
Dublin-based Ryanair recorded a near 30% fall in earnings for the three months ending 30-Jun-2012 in spite of a 6% rise in passenger numbers and a 4% increase in average fares. Net profit for its fiscal first quarter came in at EUR99 million compared to EUR139 million in the year-ago period as revenues rose 11%. But the airline's total operating expenses grew at a higher rate of 17% primarily due to sharply higher fuel costs.
Ryanair’s decrease in net profit was in line with its own guidance, but below consensus forecasts of EUR114 million. Despite the fall in earnings during its fiscal first quarter the carrier is maintaining its full-year outlook and expects to earn between EUR400 million and EUR440 million for its fiscal year ending 31-Mar-2013 as continuing austerity measures, recession in Europe and lower yields at new bases will restrain fare growth. It anticipates growing passenger numbers by 5% to 79 million. Europe’s largest LCC in terms of passengers posted a net profit of EUR503 million in FY2012 and EUR403 million in FY2011.
Air France-KLM sinks deeper into the red as it further revises capex and capacity
In spite of growing its passenger revenues nearly 7%, Air France-KLM Group saw its 2Q2012 net loss widen year-over-year as a result of provisions for restructuring and a drop in the value of fuel hedging contracts. The Franco-Dutch group recorded a deficit of EUR895 million for the three months ending 30-Jun-2012, more than quadruple of the EUR197 million net loss accrued in the year-ago period.
Air France-KLM took a special charge of EUR368 million related to its Transform 2015 restructuring programme, principally to fund a voluntary redundancy plan announced at Air France in Jun-2012. It also took a EUR372 million accounting charge related to the hedging of fuel prices. Excluding these non-cash items the Group’s net loss for 2Q2012 would be “by no means abnormal”, Air France-KLM Group CFO Philippe Calavia noted during a discussion of the company's results.
Integration challenges continue to plague United’s financial performance
Special charges stemming from the integration of United and Continental after their 2010 merger were a major contributor to the company’s 2Q2012 profits falling 37% year-over-year. Despite echoing comments made by other carriers that demand remains relatively stable against a backdrop of macroeconomic uncertainty, United’s revenue performance continues to lag behind its US industry peers, and it is not clear when the gap will be closed.
United recorded USD206 million in special charges during 2Q2012, of which USD137 million, or 66%, stemmed from integration costs related to the merger. The charges pressured the carrier’s quarterly profits, which year-over-year fell from USD538 million to USD339 million. Excluding those items United’s profit for 2Q2012 grew to USD545 million.